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Menstrual Migraine

Women suffer migraines three times more frequently than men do; and, menstrual migraines affect 70 percent of these women. They occur before, during or immediately after the period, or during ovulation.

While it is not the only hormonal culprit, serotonin is the primary hormonal trigger in everyone's headache. Some researchers believe that migraine is an inherited disorder that somehow affects the way serotonin is metabolized in the body. But, for women, it is also the way the serotonin interacts with uniquely female hormones.

Menstrual migraines are primarily caused by estrogen, the female sex hormone that specifically regulates the menstrual cycle fluctuations throughout the cycle. When the levels of estrogen and progesterone change, women will be more vulnerable to headaches. Because oral contraceptives influence estrogen levels, women on birth control pills may experience more menstrual migraines.

Symptoms
The menstrual migraine's symptoms are similar to migraine without aura. It begins as a one-sided, throbbing headache accompanied by nausea, vomiting, or sensitivity to bright lights and sounds. An aura may precede the menstrual migraine.

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Hormone Headaches | PMS (Pre-Menstrual Syndrome)

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