Benign Intracranial Hypertension or pseudotumor cerebri is a condition of increased intracranial pressure for which no specific cause has been established. Extensive diagnostic testing often proves to be inconclusive. Some physicians feel the condition may be due to menstrual dysfunction, hormone deficiency, hypothyroidism, or excessive intake of antibiotics or Vitamin A.
A prominent sign of this condition is marked congestion and distortion of the optic nerve as it enters the retina. Visual loss may occur, which is often treated with cortisone-like compounds.
Patients require careful monitoring by their physicians.